Definitions – Worship and Praise

Definitions

Worship

Oxford Dictionary – Noun – the feeling or expression of reverence and adoration for a deity : the worship of God/ancestor worship. the acts or rites that make up a formal expression of reverence for a deity; a religious ceremony or ceremonies • adoration or devotion comparable to religious homage, shown toward a person or principle • archaic honor given to someone in recognition of their merit. • [as title ] (His/Your Worship) chiefly Brit. used in addressing or referring to an important or high-ranking person, esp. a magistrate or mayor. Verb – show reverence and adoration for (a deity); honor with religious rites • treat (someone or something) with the reverence and adoration appropriate to a deity

Strongs Concordance – Hebrew – shahchah (verb) which is to prostrate yourself, obeisance before the ALMIGHTY and man. Ex 18:7.  Avodah (verb)   ‘serve’ or ‘work’. (In Jewish culture the word avodah meaning has a more deeper expression of this word than just ‘service’. It means ‘service of the heart.’) Exodus 8:1; Joshua 24:15. Greek – Latreuo which means to serve. 2 Timothy 1:3; Hebrews 12:16, John 16:2, Roman 12:1.The translations in some Bibles may use the word serve and worship interchangeably. Ro 12:1, NIV- worship and in NKJV – serve. Another word we use in the church today for serve is minister. See the same passage below in taken from the ESV and the King James Bible.

        “…to be a minister ( Greek leitourgos ‘servant’ Strong’s 3011) of Christ Jesus… in the priestly service ( Greek ierourgounta to perform sacred rites Strong’s 2418)  of the gospel of God… (Ro 15:16 ESV).

or  

That I should be the minister ( Greek leitourgos ‘servant’ Strong’s 3011)of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, ministering (Greek ierourgounta  to perform sacred rites [Lexicon] or administering the sacred service [Greek parallel] Strong’s 2418) the gospel of God…  (Ro 15:16 KJ 2000).

Hebrew word for worship in the scriptures – abad (5647 serve Strong’s)

‘The Lord, the God of the Hebrews, has sent me to say to you: Let my people go, so that they may ‘worship’ (Hebrew word ‘abad’ 5647 ‘serve’ Strong’s) me in the wilderness… (Exodus 7:16 NIV)

13Then the Lord said to Moses, “Get up early in the morning, confront Pharaoh and say to him, ‘This is what the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, says: Let my people go, so that they may ‘worship’  (Hebrew word ‘abad’ 5647 ‘serve’ Strong’s)  me.  (Exodus 9:13 NIV)

 

Praise 

Oxford and Webster DictionaryVerb [trans.] – express warm approval or admiration of; express one’s respect and gratitude toward (a deity). Noun – the expression of respect and gratitude as an act of worship: give praise to GOD. Synonyms (verbs) WORSHIP, glorify, honor, exalt, adore, pay tribute to, give thanks to. (Nouns) HONOR, thanks, worship, devotion, adoration, reverence. (Computer Dictionary).

Strongs ConcordanceGreek – doxa means, praise and also worship, glory, honor, dignity (Luke 2:1 KJV); hymeno, sing praise, sing a hymn (Mar 14:26 KJV); ainesis, praise, a thank offering (Hebrew 13:15KJV); epaineo, praise, approbation, commendation (Romans 2:29 KJV).  Hebrew – Praise is often associated with worship to GOD. We also refer to the name Yehudah/Judah as meaning praise. Praise can also mean confess (Daniel 9.) The word praise has a Hebrew parent root made up of “yd, yad” which means “hand”. The root of Yehudah is ”ydh, yadah” which means “throw your hands out” The Hebraic meaning is much deeper. This throwing your hands out is an act of directing people’s attention towards the MOST HIGH and acknowledging HIM as the ONE who we can trust to do what HE says as we live a life pleasing to HIM.*

HALLAL is a primary Hebrew root word for praise. Our word “halleluYAH” comes from this base word. It means “to be clear, to praise, to shine, to boast, show, to rave, celebrate, to be clamorously foolish.” *

Ancient Hebrew Website – Praise (English) הלל (Hebrew) halal (Transliteration)
The Hebrew verb halal means “to shine” as can be seen Job 29:3. But when it is written in its piel form it means “commend” (usually translated as “praise”). However, commend is an abstract word that must be understood through the ancient Hebrew’s concrete way of thinking. The North Star, unlike all of the other stars, remains motionless and constantly shines in the northern sky and is used as a guide when traveling. In the Ancient Hebrew mind we praise Elohiym by looking at him as the guiding star that shines to show us our direction.**  Strong’s: #1984

Scripture Verses With the Word Praise With Different Meanings

     Lift up your hands in the sanctuary and praise the LORD (Ps. 134:2).  In this scripture verse the word  translated ‘praise’ means ‘bless’ the Hebrew. Strongs 1288 

       …Solomon … in front of the whole assembly … spread his hands toward heaven and said: “O YEHOVAH, GOD of Israel, there is no GOD like you… (1 Kings 8:22-23.  The act/form of praise.  The praise is what Solomon says, his confession of WHO YEHOVAH GOD IS)

      “Praise be to the LORD, the GOD of Israel, WHO with HIS own hands fulfilled what HE promised with HIS own mouth to my father David.  I Kings 8:14  (In this scripture verse the word ‘praise’ means ‘bless’. Strong 1288) 

 

*(https;//www.aglow.org/images/leaderDev/seven-praise-words.pdf)  **ancient-hebrew.org – Hebrew Word Definition